Immigration Has No Borders
The United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement, popularly known as USMCA, serves as a significant trade agreement between these three countries. One of its provisions is to facilitate the temporary employment of qualified Canadian and Mexican professionals in the United States.
Job Offer: Any applicant must have a formal job offer from a U.S. employer. This offer should be in line with the professional business activities stipulated in the USMCA provisions.
Temporary Stay: The intent of the applicant must be to stay in the U.S. on a temporary basis, even if they intend to renew their status multiple times.
For a detailed list of professions that qualify under this agreement, one can refer to the official U.S. State Department page.
Application Process: Canadians have the advantage of applying for the TN status directly at a U.S. port of entry. This means they typically don’t need to secure a visa in advance from a U.S. consulate or embassy.
Unlike their Canadian counterparts, Mexican citizens must undergo a more traditional visa application process.
Visa Application: They need to secure a TN visa by applying at a U.S. embassy or consulate in Mexico. This process involves an interview and providing the necessary documentation, similar to other U.S. nonimmigrant visa procedures.
Further details can be found on the U.S. Department of State’s webpage dedicated to NAFTA Professional Workers.
Family members, specifically the spouse and unmarried children (below 21 years of age), of a TN visa holder, can accompany them to the U.S. They would be classified under the TD non-immigrant visa status.
It’s essential to note that while they can live in the U.S., they are not authorized to undertake employment on a TD visa.
Initially, the TN visa is granted for a period of one year. However, one of its advantages is that it can be renewed indefinitely, provided the visa holder continues to fulfill the eligibility criteria and the U.S. employer continues to extend their employment.